November 30, 2023

Panic attack symptoms

A panic attack is a sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause. Panic attacks can be very frightening. When experienced repeatedly, they can significantly affect a person’s quality of life. It is important to understand the symptoms of a panic attack, so that you can identify when one is happening and take steps to manage it.

What are the symptoms of a panic attack?

Symptoms of a panic attack can vary from person to person. The most common symptoms include:

  • Heart palpitations: A feeling that your heart is racing or pounding.
  • Sweating: Excessive sweating, often accompanied by a cold sensation.
  • Shaking or trembling: A feeling of uncontrollable shaking or trembling in the body.
  • Shortness of breath: Feeling as though you can’t get enough air or that you can’t breathe deeply enough.
  • Chest pain: A feeling of tightness or pain in the chest.
  • Choking sensation: Feeling as though you are choking or having difficulty swallowing.
  • Nausea: A feeling of sickness or discomfort in the stomach.
  • Dizziness: A feeling of lightheadedness or being off balance.
  • Fear of losing control: A feeling of impending doom or a fear of going crazy.

These symptoms can vary in intensity and duration. Some people may experience all of the symptoms listed above, while others may only experience a few.

What causes panic attacks?

Panic attacks can be triggered by a variety of factors. These include:

  • Stressful life events: A traumatic event or a difficult period in life can trigger a panic attack.
  • Genetics: People with a family history of anxiety or panic attacks may be more likely to experience them.
  • Substance use: Certain drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines, can trigger panic attacks.
  • Medical conditions: Some medical conditions, such as thyroid problems or heart conditions, can cause panic attacks.

It is important to understand the triggers of panic attacks, so that you can take steps to avoid them.

What should I do if I experience a panic attack?

If you experience a panic attack, it is important to remember that it will pass and that you will be okay. Here are some tips to help manage a panic attack:


Focus on your breathing and take slow, deep breaths. This can help to reduce the intensity of the attack.

Stay in the present

Focus on the present moment and the sensations in your body. This can help to ground you and keep you from getting caught up in the fear.

Focus on positive thoughts

Focus on positive thoughts and remind yourself that you are safe and that the attack will pass.

Seek help

If the panic attack is particularly severe or is happening frequently, it is important to seek help from a mental health professional.

Understanding the symptoms of a panic attack and how to manage them can help to reduce the intensity and frequency of panic attacks. If you are experiencing panic attacks, it is important to seek help from a mental health professional to get the support and guidance you need.

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